DWU Progress since 2001

Since 2001 DWU completed:

  • Constructed 523 wells in 15 districts of Uganda and 11 in South Sudan of which 312 are in Lira Districts.
  • Constructed 57 ferro cement rain water catchment of which 50 are in Lira District
  • Protected 5 spring wells of which 4 are in Lira District
  • Installed 72 biosand filter at 68 households
  • Trained and empowered 68 hand pump repair mechanics of which 48 are part of current Lira District HPMA
  • Rehabilitated 168 broken water sources of which 105 are in Lira District but repaired 16 in South Sudan
  • Constructed 262 stances of School Latrines of 230 are in Lira Districts
  • For participatory sanitation DWU implemented soccer of sanitation which won DWU two awards from Fufa and UWASNET before receiving our third award as the best innovator in WaSH from WaterAid in 2009.
  • Triggered 14 Community -Led total sanitation (CLTS)
  • Sanitary pads- Reusable pads in all schools: Targeting primary school girls and mothers within two surrounding villages of each school in our project areas: addressing the areas of knowledge, attitude and basic practice.


The Major challenge has been in the quality of citizen participation in water, sanitation, hygiene and environmental sustainability.

The current safe water coverage across the sub-region ranges between 65 to 71% with functionality at 70% and equity for water supply at 38 %, and functionality of Water Source and Sanitation Committees is standing at 31%. The national target for water consumption is at 20 l/p/d, and the average distant at 500 meters, fetching time at 30 minutes, but in reality water usage is 14 L/p/d, and walking distant is about 1km with queuing time of 30 minutes, but at peak hours, it takes average of 50 minutes and general usage is below target.

Latrine coverage is estimated at about 36% with low response towards waste management with rampant toxic garbage burning throughout the region causes uncontrolled pollution.

To mitigate current problem, DWU engages for citizen-led participation.

  • Appropriate technology and design relevant to community capacity is necessary.
  • Cross cutting issues such as gender, the leadership (politics), the environment, equality and inclusiveness, and economic sustainability takes precedence.
  • Asset-based community development principles are applied for community resource mobilization, monitoring, evaluation for sustainability WaSHE.
  • We request that Governments review policies that reduce maintenance of in the sector because taxes and inflation have a redistributing effect on community project management.

Moving forward DWU sees opportunity in building a social business enterprise models for pump spare supplies, garbage collection and recycling and proceeds will used for promoting DWU’s mission to supplement donor contribution.  We request your very support for both models as we work with Lira municipal Council in championing waste management.


Documented Achievements 

  • DWU completed two WASH projects in Lira District in December 2015.
  • During this project- DWU carried out baseline that includes sanitation facility coverage.
  • In Agali sub-county, 11 villages were triggered and after 6months open defecation decreased from 7% at baseline to 3% at final evaluation.
  • In Lira S/C DWU approached CLTS by of use demo model latrine designed by VHTs and model home for each parish; at baseline 74% of respondents said their household had their own latrine. At final evaluation, that increased to 83%. Additionally, open defecation decreased from 5% at baseline to 1% at final evaluation.
  • None have been declared ODF waiting approval of DHI of Lira and his team of verifiers.

Latrine Improvement and ownership in Agali and Lira Sub-County by December 2015


Handwashing with soap –difficulties in Lira and Agali S/C


Progress in Alebtong District

  • In the Omoro DWU is implementing the fourth phase of WASHE .
  • The implementation focus on developing a WASHE model in Omoro Sub County- Alebtong District
  • The four year project triggered- 2 CLTS in the parishes of Ocokober parishes.
  • Plan to trigger 14 Villages in 8 in Omarari and 6 in Oculokori by end of September 30, 2016,


  • Constructional tools and materials-
  • People from other community on transit use the bush in the triggered villages
  • Large family sharing latrines; hence latrine ratio is inadequate
  • Poor enforcement by the WASH committees and Local councilors is a threat to sustainability


  • Community will only do what they are told, therefore what we present to them on CLTS matters
  • There are villages structures that be engaged for CLTS: e.g. funeral groups, VSLA, farmers group etc.
  • Adopting model homes and demonstration latrine in triggered villages can motivate participation leading to rapid results
  • Where others projects are being implemented, CLTS approach can be bench mark to create demand for e.g. water, road, seeds etc.


  • Integration of community associations (like: VSLA, Funeral group, farmers groups etc) in sanitation development for sustainability
  • Specification and standardization of sanitation facilities should become part of follow-up messages
  • Strong advocacy for facility improvement along sanitation ladder will sustain facility developed
  • Community-led design and installation of demonstration sanitation facilities for community ownership and replication

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